Test-Score Effect of School Vouchers in Dayton, Ohio, New York City, and Washington, D. C.: Evidence of Randomized Field Trials

Paul Peterson, William E. Howell, Patrick J. Wolf and David E. Campbell
Year of publication: 
PEPG 00-16

In the late 1990s, three privately-funded school voucher programs for students from low-income families were established in the Dayton, Ohio metropolitan area, New York City, and Washington, D. C. The New York City program, sponsored by the School Choice Scholarships Foundation (SCSF), was announced in the fall of 1996; students receiving vouchers entered private schools in the fall of 1997. Two additional programs were created one year later, one in the Dayton metropolitan area, sponsored by Parents Advancing Choice in Education (PACE), and one in D. C., sponsored by the Washington Scholarship Fund (WSF). WSF expanded a previously established program, originally created in 1993. In 1999, the Children’s Scholarship Fund, a nationwide school-choice scholarship program, provided additional support to these programs.